In blessed memory of my father, who passed away while this article was being written
For generations, stops and waystations along historic roads in the Land of Israel were determined and developed by both the central government and private entrepreneurs. The sites of . . .
Alesan, A., Malgosa, A. and Simo, C. 1999. Looking into the Demography of an Iron Age Population in the Western Mediterranean. I. Mortality. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 110(3): 285–301.
Bass, W. M. 1987. Human Osteology. A Laboratory and Field Manual, 3rd edition. Columbia.
Brooks, S. and Suchey, J.M. 1990. Skeletal Age Determination based on the Os Pubis: a Comparison of Acsadi-Nemeskeri and Suchey-Brooks Methods. Human Evolution 5(3): 227–238.
Eshed, V. In press. A Paleo-Demographic Study of the Jindâs Population, Mamluk Period. In Eshed, V. and Toueg, R. (eds.) The Islamic Cemetery in Jindâs, Ariel.
Eshed, V. and Galili, E. 2011. Palaeodemography of Southern Levantine Pre-Pottery Neolithic Populations: Regional and Temporal Perspectives. In Pinhasi, R. and Stock, J. (eds.) Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture, 403–428. Hoboken, NJ.
Eshed, V., Gopher, A., Pinhasi, R. and Hershkovitz, I. 2010. Paleopathology and the Origin of Agriculture in the Levant. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143(1):121–133.
Eshed, V., Gopher, A., Galili, E. and Hershkovitz, I. 2004. Musculoskeletal Stress Markers (MSM) in Natufian Hunter–Gatherers and Neolithic Farmers in the Levant: The upper limb. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 123(4):303–315.
Friedlander, N. J. 1996. The relation of lifetime reproduction to survivorship in women and men: A retrospective study. American Journal of Human Biology 8: 771–783.
Hillson, S. 1993. Teeth. Cambridge.
Johnston, F. E., and Zimmer, L.O. 1989. Assessment of Growth and Age in the Immature Skeleton. In Iscan, M. Y. and Kenneth, A. R. Reconstruction of Life from the Skeleton, 11–22. New York.
Lovejoy, C. O. 1985. Dental Wear in the Libben Population: Its Functional Pattern and Role in the Determination of Adult Skeletal Age at Death. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68(1):47–56.
Lovejoy, C. O., Meindl, R. S., Prysbeck, T. R. and Mensforth, R. P. 1985. Chronological Metamorphosis of the Auricular Surface of the Ilium: A New Method for the Determination of Adult Skeletal Age at Death. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68(1):15–28.
Meindl, R. S. and Lovejoy, C. O. 1985. Ectocranial Suture Closure: A Revised Method for the Determination of Skeletal Age at Death Based on the Lateral-Anterior Sutures. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68(1): 57–66.
Nagar, Y. In press. Skeletal Remains from the Second Season of Excavations. In Shavit, A. and Cohen-Klonymus, A. Excavations at Mamilla, Jerusalem. Salvage Excavation Reports, Tel Aviv.
Nathan, H. 1962. Osteophytes of the vertebral column. An Anatomical Study of their Development according to Age, Races, and Sex with Considerations as to their Etiology and Significance. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 44(2):243–268.
Ortner, D. and Pustschar, W. J. G. 1985. Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. Washington.
Toueg, R., Krispin, S. and Eshed, V. 2019. Ginnaton (Jindas). Hadashot Arkheologiyot 131: http://www.hadashotesi.org.il/Report_Detail_Eng.aspx?id=25581&mag_id=127 [in Hebrew]
Toueg, R., Krispin, S. and Eshed, V. 2021. The Mamluk and Ottoman Cemetery in the village of Jindās. In Shavit, A. ed. Lod: Diospolis, City of God. Collected Papers on the History and Archaeology of Lod, VII, 45-61. Lod. [in Hebrew]
Toueg, R., Krispin, S. and Eshed, V. In press. The Mamluk and Ottoman Cemetery in Jindâs. In Eshed, V. and Toueg, R. The Islamic cemetery in Jindâs, Ariel.
Ubelaker, D. H. 1974. Reconstruction of Demographic Profiles from Ossuary Skeletal Samples. A Case Study from the Tidewater Pormac. Washington.
Ubelaker, D. H. 1989. Human Skeletal Remains: Excavation, Analysis, Interpretation (2nd Edition). Washington.
Washburn, S. L. 1948. Sex Differences in the Pubic Bone. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 6(2): 199–208.
Weiss, K. M. and Wobst, H. M. 1973. Demographic Models for Anthropology. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology 27. Cambridge, MA.