The first inhabitants of Lod reached the area about 8,000 years ago, during the Neolithic Period. This was the Agriculture Revolution period in which people abandoned the former hunter-gatherer way of life, started the domestication of cereals and legumes and began practicing agriculture. Lod is one of the few settlements of that era found to date in Israel. Due to the important archaeological discoveries found in the city, the “Lodian Culture” became well known as a cultural assemblage characterizing other local Pottery Neolithic sites.
Several hundred people settled at Lod during the Neolithic (Late Stone Age) and the Chalcolithic (age of stone and copper) periods. The center of this settlement was located in the middle of the contemporary Remez neighbourhood.