Ancient Lod Community Archaeological Project

Ancient Lod is one of the most important archaeological sites in Israel. However, its former glory is nowhere in evidence amidst the difficulties the city is currently experiencing. Israeli Institute of Archaeology has initiated a community archaeological project in order to restore the ancient town of Lod and develop it as a major tourist attraction. We believe that this development will generate changes which can extricate the modern city of Lod and its residents from its present problems and lead it towards a better future.

The population of Lod is comprised of a diverse population of Jews and Arabs, secular and religious, new immigrants and veterans. The Lod Community Archaeological Project integrates residents of the city into all stages of the development. As such, it is a unique community venture.

Our Achievements

טקסט אלטרנטיבי
Recognizing the multi-cultural heritage of the city and initiating discussion on heritage preservation
בני העיר בחפירות
Introducing Lod’s heritage to the new generation
מראה של שיקום העיר
The understanding that the restoration of the old city is a key factor in the future of the town of Lod
שימור המונומנטים ההיסטוריים בעיר ושיקום המרקם הקדום שלה
Raising awareness of the importance of preserving the city’s historical monuments and ancient landscape
Raising public awareness to the importance of ancient Lod
Restoration of the major monuments in Lod
מראה של ניקוי ותחזוק מסבנת אל-פאר
Cleaning and maintenance of Masbanet al-Far

Community and Educational Projects

לימודי ארכיאולוגיה בבתי ספר
Archaeology educational programs in schools
אנשים בפרויקט אמץ אתר
“Adopt a Site” Program
חפירות בחאן-אל-חילו
Community Archaeology excavation at Khan al-Hilu
אנשים בשוק
Night market in Khan al-Hilu
Lod annual conference and Journal

History of the Old City

Prehistoric Periods
6,000-3,500 BCE
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The first inhabitants of Lod reached the area about 8,000 years ago, during the Neolithic Period. Due to the important archaeological discoveries found in the city, the “Lodian Culture” is well known.

Bronze and Iron Ages
3,500-586 BCE
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Early Bronze Age discoveries found in archaeological excavations conducted in Lod include typical Egyptian pottery, testifying to connections between Lod and Egypt.

Persian and Hellenistic Periods
586-37 BCE
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Lod became an important Jewish center during the Persian period. During the Hellenistic period, which partially corresponds to the Hasmonean period, the Seleucid King Demetrius I, who ruled between 161-150 BCE, suggested moving Lod from the control of Samaria to the Judea district due to its Jewish majority.

The Roman and Byzantine Periods
37 BCE-640 CE
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The crowning glory of findings from the Roman Period is the most impressive mosaic floor ever found in Israel and one of the most impressive worldwide

Early Islamic period and the Crusader period
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The Moslem rulers designated Lod as the civil capital of "Jund Palestine" (The Palestinian district).

The Mamluk Period
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During the 13th century the Mamluks captured Lod. They constructed the El-Omari Mosque and the Jindas Bridge, one of the most Impressive ancient bridges in Israel. 

The Ottoman period
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During the Ottoman period Lod became a central town in the Ayalon stream area, and an important center for the olive and oil industry.

The British Mandate
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During the Mandate Period, Lod was chosen as the location for the central train station between Cairo in the South, and Damascus in the north, as well as the International air terminal, named Lod Airport,

Development Projects

מפעל השמנים
מפעל השמנים של חסונה-English
מרכז פסיפס
מרכז פסיפס בחאן אל-חילו-English
מרכז צעירים ויזמות בבית הקשתות
מרכז צעירים ויזמות בבית הקשתות-English
מסבנת אל-פאר
סביל סוביח

More about Lod

Sites in Lod
Articles and Reports

Donors and partners in the project

The Council for Conservation of Heritage Sites in Israel

Israeli Ministry of Culture and Sport


Lod Municipality


Israel Government Tourist Cooperation



Hebrew Union College


the morning star foundation

Lod Students

Atid Highschool